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Spondylosis:

Spondylosis is a broad term meaning degeneration of the spinal column from any cause. In the more narrow sense it refers to spinal osteoarthritis, the age-related wear and tear of the spinal column, which is the most common cause of spondylosis. The degenerative process in osteoarthritis chiefly affects the vertebral bodies, the neural foramina and the facet joints (facet syndrome). If severe, it may cause pressure on nerve roots with subsequent sensory or motor disturbances, such as pain, paresthesia, and muscle weakness in the limbs.


About Spondylosis: 


   




Causes:
Spondylosis is caused from years of constant abnormal pressure, from joint subluxation or poor posture, being placed on the vertebrae, and the discs between them. The abnormal stress causes the body to form new bone in order to compensate for the new weight distribution.

Diagnosis:
Cervical Compression Test is performed by laterally flexing the patient's head and placing downward pressure on it. A positive sign is neck or shoulder pain on the ipsilateral side, that is, the side to which the head is laterally flexed. This is somewhat predictive of cervical spondylosis.[citation needed] Lhermitte sign: feeling of electrical shock with neck flexion.

Treatment:
Treatment is usually conservative in nature. Patient education on lifestyle modifications and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and physical therapy, chiropractic care are common forms of manual care that help manage such conditions[citation needed]. Other alternative therapies such as massage, trigger-point therapy, yoga and acupuncture may be of limited benefit[citation needed]. Surgery is occasionally performed.